Name Authority Control in Digital Humanities: Building a Name Authority Database of Shanghai Library

Cuijuan Xia, Wei Liu

Abstract


Libraries as a type of social institution have a long history of collecting, preserving and spreading the knowledge of mankind and have cumulated a vast amount of highly structured data conforming to library and information standards. Among these data, especially, name authority data are fundamentally important for digital humanities. However, traditional library data are not built in the way that digital humanities research requires, which makes it difficult for digital humanities researchers to use them directly. This study is to address this problem through using the Linked Data approach to build knowledge bases in transforming and normalizing name authority data into the format that can be easily deployed by digital humanities research. A name authority database was built on various sources and formed the content infrastructure to provide Linked Open Data services, which enables sophisticated searches and uses of document resources knowledge base with multiple types of documents and multimedia, instead of digital collections with only a keyword search function. The process of design and development as well as the way through which resources are interlinked are described in detail in this paper.


Keywords


Name Authority Control;Digital humanities; Linked Data

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Council of Learned Societies. (2006). Our cultural Commonwealth: The report of the American Council of Learned Societies Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. Retrieved from http://www.acls.org/uploadedFiles/Publications/Programs/Our_Cultural_Commonwealth.pdf

Hannemann, J., & Kett, J. (2010). World Library and Information Congress: 79th IFLA General Conference and Assembly. In Proceedings of the world library and information congress (pp. 1–11). Gothenburge, Sweden.

Harvard University, Academia Sinica, & Peking University. (2018). Chinese Biographical Database. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from https://projects.iq.harvard.edu/cbdb/how-cbdb-collects-data-and-why-you-do-not-always-find-what-you-want

Kuhn, T. S. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Library of Congress. (2016). Overview of the BIBFRAME 2.0 Model [webpage]. Retrieved April 11, 2018, from http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/docs/bibframe2-model.html

Neubert, J., & Tochtermann, K. (2012). Linked Library Data: Offering a Backbone for the Semantic Web. In D. Lukose, A. R. Ahmad, & A. Suliman (Eds.), Knowledge Technology (Vol. 295, pp. 37–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32826-8_4

OCLC. (2012). VIAF (The Virtual International Authority File). Retrieved April 11, 2018, from https://www.oclc.org/research/activities/viaf.html

Papadakis, I., Kyprianos, K., & Stefanidakis, M. (2015). Linked Data URIs and Libraries: The Story So Far. D-Lib Magazine, 21(5/6). https://doi.org/10.1045/may2015-papadakis

Riva, P., Bœuf, P. L., & Žumer, M. (2017). IFLA Library Reference Model A Conceptual Model for Bibliographic Information. International Federation of Library Assoications and Institutions, 101.

Schich, M., Song, C., Ahn, Y.-Y., Mirsky, A., Martino, M., Barabasi, A.-L., & Helbing, D. (2014). A network framework of cultural history. Science, 345(6196), 558–562. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1240064

Smith-Yoshimura, K., & Michelson, D. (2013, March 27). Irreconcilable differences? Name authority control & humanities scholarship – Hanging Together. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from http://hangingtogether.org/?p=2621

Xia C. (2017). Building a Digital Humanities Platform by Using Linked Open Data Services. Journal of Library and Information Science, 43(1), 47–70.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23974/ijol.2018.vol3.1.68

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Cuijuan Xia, Wei Liu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.